The Jungle: 2nd Quarter Project
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2nd Quarter Project                                                                                                                                        Supplementary Reading

Students will be required to read the Jungle by Upton Sinclair. This Novel is about Lithuanian Emigrants and their life living in Chicago near the early turn of the 20th century.  It will give the students insight into the lifestyle and hardships that Immigrants faced during this time period as well as insights into the struggles of the working class in America, and living conditions during this time.   

The Jungle:

            Students are required to complete one journal entry and Create and Answer two multiple choice questions per chapter. Dues dates will be assigned throughout the quarter for the journal entries and questions. Students should be reading their books during SSR and each evening. Number of pages per week should be approximately forty. This is based on a nine week quarter, which is about 45 days, divided by number of pages 375. Each set of journal Questions is worth 25 points. There will also be a Multiple Choice test at the end of the quarter worth 50 points for a grand total of 200 points. Students must stay on task to complete this. Journal prompts can be found on my website. Pop quizes will also be given anytime the entire class fails to meet a deadline

            Due dates subject to change:

            11/26/12         Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 1-5

            12/3/12       Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 6-10

            12/10/12         Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 11-15

            12/20/12         Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 16-20

            1/7/13             Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 21-25

            01/14/13         Journal entries and MC questions for chapter 26-31

            Jan 17, 2013 Final Test over the Jungle-- 25  

Upton Sinclair:  THE JUNGLE

Journal prompts for The Jungle  DUE: 11/26/12

Chapters 1-5
The book starts out by describing how traditional Lithuanian culture was still being celebrated in America. By chapter 3, we start to see what is in store for Jurgis and his family. As you write your journal entries, try to describe the plight of the newly arriving immigrants. If there is more than one prompt per chapter, just choose one to write about.

Chapter 1:
1) The immigrants to America brought with them their traditions and culture. This was apparent during the wedding of Jurgis and Ona. During the ceremony called "veseliya" guests were to help the bride and groom pay for the celebration of marriage. Describe the "veseliya" and the stress it put on the bride and groom when they felt people were leaving without donating. How had a tradition turned into a free meal for many of the attendees?

Chapter 2:
1) Can you imagine immigrating to a country without being able to speak their language? The barriers created by not being fluent in English must have seemed insurmountable. The transition for Ona, her family, and Jurgis seemed very difficult. Describe some of the experiences these people witnessed in their first few days in America.

Chapter 3:
1) At the factories, the workers seemed like "zombies". They lacked empathy for the animals and seemed unconcerned about the sanitary conditions. Interpret why the people would be called zombies and in what way their lack of concern for the animals was apparent to the "newcomers" touring the factory. How did Upton Sinclair portray the factory conditions these employees were working in?

Chapter 4:
1) Earning seventeen and a half cents an hour filled Jurgis' heart with joy. Clarify why Jurgis was so excited about a job with such low pay. Specify the duties of Jurgis' job. Do you think you would have the same feeling as Jurgis if you were in the same situation?

Chapter 5:
1) Everyone is expendable. If you get sick, or hurt, on the job there will be someone to replace you in a second. Nearly everyone in Ona's family is employed and helping pay the bills. Describe the feeling of self-worth that getting a job created. What about the people they were replacing, what happened to them?

Journal prompts for The Jungle
Chapters 6-10

Nearly every one of these prompts dealt a psychological blow to the workers. It was if they really had no way out of their situation. As you write your journal entries, imagine how this sort of helplessness must feel. If there is more than one prompt per chapter just choose one to write about.
Chapter 6:
1) Immigrants and people working at the "packing house" were seen as expendable; very little value was put on the lives of the workers by their employers. To the workers, their job was the only thing they had.

2) Immigrants were taken advantage of, at every opportunity, by various people. Employees used the different nationalities/ethnic groups to draw down the wages, because there was always someone to take your job if you didn't think you were being treated fairly.
3) By law, children were not allowed to work until age 16. With little enforcement of this law, employers found it a good investment to hire young kids. If kids were working, they weren't getting an education or learning English. These opportunities could help them rise above being taken advantage of and get a better job.
Chapter 7:
1) Misery sets in. No heat in factories, very little at home. The cold weather killed many and others, who were severely ill, found themselves out ofajob. "All the year round they had been serving as cogs in the great packing machine, and now was the time for the renovating of it, and replacing of the damaged parts." The annual harvest of those that were seen as holding back production took place.

Chapter 8:
1) A chance for a better life was in the butcher helpers union. You were expected to be on the floor even if you didn't have any meat to process, but weren't paid unless you were processing meat. You might be on the job for ten hours but only get paid for 2 hours. The terms "broken time" and "working for the church" were a common part of the workers vernacular.

Chapter 9:
1) Dishonest businessmen would do anything to turn a buck even if that meant poisoning someone with their concoction or selling putrid meat or other products.

2) Political machines ran many aspects of society. People like Mike Scully gathered votes from the residents/workers around Packington, and delivered them to political candidates. Mike was seen as "a people's man." Swindles and crimes were evident everywhere you turned, you couldn't trust anyone.
Chapter 10:
1) Lives revolved around money. You never caught a break and were always on the brink of
starvation. You worried about losing your job, no matter how bad the job was. If you
complained about being cheated you would probably lose your job.

Journal prompts for The Jungle
Chapters 11-15
Nearly every one of these prompts dealt a psychological blow to the workers. It was as if they really had no way out of their situation. As you write your journal entries, imagine how this sort of helplessness must have felt. If there is more than one prompt per chapter, just choose one to write about.

Chapter 11:
1) Misery returns: Jurgis felt he had conquered the enemy and was now the master of his fate. After his accident he spent a great deal of his time worrying about his family and their financial situation. He fears they may all die with no one to hear their cries or give them a hand up.

Chapter 12:
1) Jurgis was the first to abandon the family. Describe the financial and psychological impact this had on the family.

Chapter 13:
1) A person would do anything to pay the bills, even if this meant taking the "lowest mans job". What must this have been like for Jurgis and Elzbieta (Teta).

Chapter 14:
1) They used everything of the pig, except the squeal. This was also the case for spoiled and sour meat that was illegal to sell in Europe. It was sent to the U.S. to be made into food products and resold worldwide. Ingenious inventions created many products that would have otherwise been inedible .

Chapter 15:
1) After Connor raped Ona in the hallway after work, he threatened to use his position and contacts to have all the members of her family fired if she reported this crime. He also used this threat later to get her to go downtown with him on numerous occasions. This was another example of people using and abusing the poverty stricken immigrants who had no way to defend themselves.

Journal prompts for The Jungle
Chapter 16:
Juris had his moment of gratification, but the result was misery for him and his
family. "Maddening procession of thoughts that lashed him like whips upon his naked back". Explain this quote with regard to Jurgis' situation.

Chapter 17:
The inmates Jurgis met at the jail were "swindlers and thieves of pennies and dimes, and they had been trapped and put out of the way by swindlers and thieves of millions of dollars". Explain what Jurgis meant by saying this.

Chapter 18:
What experiences did Jurgis have when he was released from jail and returned to his home? What must this have felt like?

Chapter 19:
"You had ought to haf had a doctor, und not vaited so long." Describe how this was a situation that could not have been prevented with Jurgis in jail and Marija with a cut hand. They barely survived muchless pay for a doctor.

Journal prompts for The Jungle
Chapters 21-25
You may use one of these prompts or write about something else that interests you.

Chapter 21:
1) In today's society it is noble and courageous to risk life and limb to help a person in danger. For Jurgis and the other workers it was not worth the risk. If you were injured while helping someone else, you risked everything.

2) Jurgis had two joys in life, his son Anatanas and the Sunday paper. In some aspects, life was a lot simpler during the turn of the century.
Chapter 22:
1) Jurgis' attitude about working has changed. When Jurgis went to the country, he was offered many jobs working on farms for as much as $1.00 a day plus room and board. He turns down these jobs, telling the farmers that he wants a job that will last all year long, not one that discards him during the winter months. Jurgis later enjoys the life of a wandering tramp.

Chapter 23:
1) Describe the plight of Jurgis after he returns to Chicago. He felt like a "wounded animal in the forest."

Chapter 24:
1) When Jurgis went to Freddie Jones' house he was exposed to the riches that were a part of America that he had only heard about. This man and his family lived in extravagance while his workers starved to death.

Chapter 25:
1) Jurgis had turned to a life of crime. "It's a case of us or the other fellow and I say the other fellow every time."

Journal prompts for The Jungle
Chapters 26-31, Afterword (Test Essay Questions)

Chapter 26:
1) Jurgis was now living a comfortable life. He had a job working as a "scab" foreman on the killing floor and was making a good wage. Describe more about his current life.

Chapter 27:
1) "…suddenly horrible discovery-Marija a whore, and Elzbieta and the children were living off her shame!" Marija said "Ona could have taken care of us all, in the beginning." Describe Jurgis' feelings about the plight of Marija. What did Marija mean by her statement about Ona taking care of them?

Chapter 28:
1) A common theme throughout The Jungle was to prey upon the newest arrivals before they learned the language and the culture of America. Identify how the young girls from abroad were treated by people like the "madame."

Chapter 29:
1) Portray how the "Great Butcher" ran their business.

Chapter 30:
1) Jurgis was hired as a porter at a hotel/apartment building, but was really a spokesman for the Socialist party. Interpret this part of Jurgis' job.

Chapter 31:
1) List and explain the two basic Socialists "cut and dried program for the future civilizations." Be sure to describe how these programs would change a society such as Packingtown.

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